Farnham Castle

 

 

Hauntings: 

 

Bishop Morley is reputed to haunt the Castle. He was attached to the Castle in life and is thought to be just as attached in death.  A heavy door has been known to fly open with no one present and people believe this is the Bishop.

 

A ghost has supposedly been seen going up and down narrow winding stairs leading to the Bishops Quarters.

 

The great medieval hall rebuilt by Morley  and his successors has a 'Phantom Monk' . A tall figure which appears dressed in a brown habit and wearing a round cap.  He has been seen in the musicians gallery peering out of one of the windows.  Maybe this is the ghost of  the Bishop Petrus de la Roche who died here in June 1238.

 

The principal staircase between the Great Hall and the Castle Bookshop is reputed to be haunted by a dancing girl.  The staircase dates back to about 1680.  On several occasions since the mid-nineteenth-century a vague misty swirl has been reported descending the stairs giving the impression of a dancing girl.

 

Children have been heard on a number of occasions and voices reported coming from the Great Hall when no one has been in there.

 

The Keep is haunted by a very sinister presence at its ancient gateway.  People have reported feeling an ice-cold atmosphere just inside the gateway followed by feelings of terror and disgust. 

 

I have no doubts that there are many unseen spirits that haunt this magnificent Castle when one considers all the happiness and extreme tragedies that have happened here through nearly a thousand years of history.

 

 

 

 

 

 

History:

 

In 686, Cædwalla of Wessex endowed Farnham and the surrounding area with a charter providing for its use by religious bodies. By this time Farnham lay within the diocese of Winchester, and it seems that Bishop William Giffard (1100-29) used this association to construct a modest motte-and-bailey castle made more substantial by his successor Henry de Blois (1129-71) brother of King Stephen.  Henry was also Abbot of Glastonbury and therefore enjoyed the revenues of Abbacy and Bishopric and this no doubt helped to finance his ambitious building projects.  Bishop Henry built a very strong keep and a palace at Winchester in 1138, and castles at five other manors extending from Farnham in the east to Taunton in the west.  Farnham, although often occupied, did not become the principal residence of the bishops of Winchester until George Morley (1662-84).

 

In May 1216 Louis, Dauphin of France landed in England.  Within days he had taken Guildford, Farnham and Winchester.  The Castle remained in the hands of the French  until March of the following year when the Earl of Pembroke took it back for the young King Henry 111.

Until the latter part of the thirteenth century the Keep was mainly a place of storage and refuge.  By the end of the century it contained a number of rooms including the bishop's chamber and in 1339 a small chapel was constructed.  After the Black Death (1351-53) extensive work was carried out and a small hall was constructed. 

In 1395, in the reign of King Richard 11, when William of Wykeham was Bishop the roof of Westminster Hall in London was built on a frame at Farnham Castle.  It took 6oo Oak Trees to build the roof.  200 came from Farnham - 200 from the Abbot of St. Albans and 200 from  Stoke d'Abernon.  The roof was constructed then taken apart and loaded onto carts and taken to Weybridge.  It was then loaded onto barges and went down river to Westminster where it was constructed again.

From the late fourteenth century to early Tudor times there were several exceptionally gifted men who were Bishops of Winchester playing a prominent part in national affairs and some being close friends of the King. To name a few: William of Wykeham (1367-1404), Cardinal Beaufort (1404 - 47), William Waynflete (1447 - 86), Richard Fox (1501 - 28), Cardinal Wolsey (1529).

The manorial accounts show frequent royals visits to the Castle by reigning monachs.  The infant Prince Arthur was entrusted to the Bishop after his christening at Winchester in 1487.  Both King Henry V11 and his Queen stayed at the Castle the same year.  The Future King Henry V111 knew the Castle well from boyhood.

During the Civil War there was no Bishop of Winchester to defend the Castle.  The Castle suffered considerably during the two principal English Civil Wars when the Parliamentarians had held it and used it as a base for local operations, suffering several Royalist assaults. The Castle was slighted on 4 July 1648. After the Wars ended Bishop Morley, a fervent supporter of Charles I during the conflicts, spent £10,648 restoring and rebuilding the Castle, adding substantially to the many alterations undertaken since its foundation. He is said to have taken a small room (eight square feet) at the bottom of the fifteenth-century Fox Tower [Bishop William of Waynflete constructed this impressive structure between 1470 and 1475, and the association with Bishop Richard Fox is false] near the staircase as his preferred living quarters, where he slept in a coffin and in which he died in 1684.

Another Interesting fact about the Bishops of Winchester is that they owned the whole of Southwark on the south side of the Thames in London.  Not only was Shakespeare's Theatre The Globe built there but so where most of the London whore houses paying rent to the Bishops!! lol

The Castle remained with The Bishops of Winchester until 1926 when the parish of Farnham was incorporated into the new diocese of Guildford. The keep was transferred to the Office of Works as an ancient monument in 1927. The rest of the Castle remained ecclesiastical property but was unused and, after standing empty it was saved from ruin by a local benefactress in November 1930. From 1932 it became the seat of the bishops of Guildford who occupied it until 1958 when complaints persuaded the Church Commission to abandon it altogether as an ecclesiastical property. In April 1961, the Oversea Service acquired the castle for a 60-year lease at a peppercorn rent, spending £100,000 converting it in 1962 to the Centre for International Briefing. The cellars of the Castle were also in use by our Secret Services MI5 and MI6. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monarchs and Bishops through the Ages:

 

Catholic Bishops 

 

 

 

 

Henry I                       Henry de Blois  -  b. 1100-d. 8th August 1171

                                                                   1129-1171.  Grandson of William the Conqueroe and brother to

1100-1135                                                King Stephen.  He consecrated Thomas a Becket as Archbishop.

                                                                                    Under the King he was the wealthiest and most powerful man

                                                                   in England.

Stephen

1135-1154                 Richard Toclive  -  d. 22nd December 1188  

                                  (Richard of Ilchester) 1174-1188.  Elected by the monks after the See         

                                                                     had been vacant for three years.  He founded a

                                                                     Hospital at Winchester Called St. Mary Magdalene.

Henry II                                                        His son Richard Poore became Bishop of Salisbury.

1154-1189                           

Richard I                    Godfrey de Lucy  -  1189-1204.  A very fine architect.

1189-1199

                                    

 

                                     Peter de la Roche  -  d. 9th June 1238

John                             or De Rupibus  -  1205-1238.  He came from a knightly family in Poitou and

1199-1216                                               was consecrated Bishop of Winchester in Rome in 1205.

                                                                  He became Grand Justiciary of England and was guardian of

                                                                  Henry 111. He fought in the Holy Land in 1226.  Built the

                                                                  Monastery at Selborne.  He died at Farnham CastleHenry III

1216-1272                William de Raleigh  -  1244-1250.  He was a Judge, Justice of The Court of        

                                                                  Common Pleas, Justice of The King's Bench.  He died

                                                                  shortly before 1st September 1250.

 

                                   Ethelmar or Aylmer de Valence  -  1250-1261.  He was half brother to Henry

                                                                  111. Aymer was illiterate, ignorant of the English Language, and 

                                                                   wholly secular in his mode of life.

                                                                   For his tyrany and greed he was exiled to France where

                                                                   he died three years later on December 4th 1260. 

                                                                   He freed the Farnham Bondsmen in 1256.

                                                                  

 

                                    John of Exeter

                              or John Gervase  -  1262-1268.  He assisted Simon de Montford in the Civil War.

                                                                   Died in Rome on the 19th January 1268.

 

Edward I

1272-1307               Nicholas of Ely  -  1268-1280.  He was Lord Chancellor, Lord High Treasurer, Bishop

                                                                 Worcester.  He died on 12th February 1280 and is buried at

                                                                 Waverley Abbey.

 

                                  Richard de la More  -  1280-1282.  He was elected to the See of Winchester on

                                                                15th November 1280 but resigned in June of 1282 before being

                                                                 consecrated.  He died 16th June 1285.

 

 

                                  John de Pontissara  -  1282-1304.  He built the College of St. Elizabeth of Hungary

                                                                 at Winchester.  He was Chancellor of Oxford University and

                                                                 Professor od Civil Law at modena.  He died on 5th December 1304.

 

Edward II

1307-1327               Henry Woodlock  -  1305-1316.  Former Prior of St. Swithun's Monastery.  He

                                                                 crowned Edward 11.  He died on the 28th June 1316.

 

                                   John Sandale  -  1316-1319.  He previously held the Offices of Lord High Treasurer

                                                                and Lord Chancellor.  He died on 2nd November 1319.

 

                                   Rigaud of Assier 1320-1323.  He died on 12th April 1323.

 

                                   John de Stratford  -  1323-1333.  One time Lord Treasurer of England and

                                                                Chancellor.  Was not popular with Edward 11 and visited the Captive

                                                                King in Kennilworth to persuade him to abdicate in favour of his son.

                                                                On 3 November 1333 he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.

                                                                He died at Mayfield, Sussex on 23 August 1348.

 

Edward III

1327-1377                 Adam Orleton  -  1333-1345.  He was a supporter with Queen Isabella and Roger

                                                                Mortimer against Edward 11 of England.  Bishop Adam, wary,

                                                                unscrupulous, but at the same time vigorous and of unusual ability, 

                                                                played a great part in politics to the end of the wretched King's life.

                                                                Some historians still believe that he recommended the murder; he

                                                                certainly supported the deposition in Parliament, and went to

                                                                Kenilworth as one of the commissioners to force the King's 

                                                                resignation.  He died on 18th July 1845.

 

                                    William Edington  -  1346-1366.   Treasurer of England 1350. Chancellor 1357.

                                                               He started  the extensive rebuilding of Winchester Cathedral and for 

                                                               founding the building of Edington Priory,  the church of which still

                                                               stands today.  He died 7th October 1366.

 

                                     William of Wykeham  - b. 1320 - d. Saturday 27th September 1404 at 8am.

                                                               1367-1404.  He had immence skill in architecture.  He built

                                                               the Round Tower and Eastern Ward of Windsor Castle.  A College for

Richard II                                               the Order of the Garter (close to St. Georges Chapel).  In 1361 he

1377-1399                                            commenced building on Queenborough Castle (demolished in 1650).

                                                               He is said to have rebuilt five castles.  In 1394 he undertook the

                                                               great work of reformation of Winchester Cathedral.  In 1395 he built

                                                               at Farnham Castle on a frame the Roof of Westminster Hall, London as

                                                               it stands to this day.  He also built New College, Oxford and 

                                                               Winchester Colleges.  He devoted his vast riches to the promotion

                                                               of learning.  He was born to a peasant family but became one of the

Henry IV                                                most influencial and wealthiest men in England in his day. 

1399-1413                                            His Motto was "Manner Makyth Man". 

 

                                    Henry Beaufort  -  b. 1375  -  d. 11th April 1447.

                                                              1405-1447.  Grandson of Edward 111.  Second son of John of Gaunt by

                                                               his Mistress Catherine Roet.  However, they married sixteen years

                                                               later.  In April 1430 he accompanied Henry VI of England across the

                                                               channel and on 16th December the following year, he crowned him as

                                                               King of France at The Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.  In his youth

                                                               he fought in the Crusade against the Hussites.  He rebuilt St Cross, he

                                                               founded Almshouse of Noble Poverty.  His wealth was so great that he

                                                               loaned his nephew £20,000.  He spent large sums of money on London's

                                                               Debtor's Prisons.

                                                               In Rouen on 30 May 1431, Beaufort, who had been involved in the

                                                               mock trial of Joan of Arc, was watching her from a scaffold as she was

                                                               being led to the stake. But he could't bear to watch her burning, and

Henry V                                                 left the place in tears before the execution.  Afterwards, the English -

1413-1422                                            at the instigation of Beaufort, according to some sources - saw to it

                                                               that Joan's physical remains were collected and thrown into the river

Henry VI                                                Seine, in order "that the world might have no relic of her of whom the

1422-1461                                            world was not worthy".  He suffered from dilireum on his deathbed

                                                               and, as he hallucinated, according to legend he offered Death the

                                                               whole treasury of England in return for living a while longer.

 

Edward IV

1461-1483                    William of Waynflete  -  b. 1395 - d. 11th August 1486.

                                                               1447-1486.  He was Provost of Eton.  Appointed by Bishop Beaufort to

                                                               the mastership of St Mary Magdalen's Hospital, a Leper hospital on St

                                                               Giles Hill, just outside the city of Winchester.  He was Chancellor of 

                                                               England.  Founded Magdalen College, Oxford.  A very learned man.

                                                               He built the brick tower in Farnham Castle.

 

Richard III                       Peter Courtenay  -  1486-1492.  With Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, and

1483-1485                                            others he attempted to raise a rebellion against Richard III in 1483,

                                                               and fled to Brittany  when this enterprise failed. Courtenay was

                                                               restored to his dignities and estates in 1485 by Henry VII, whom he

                                                               had accompanied to England, and was Keeper of the Privy Seal from

                                                               1485 to 1487.  He died on 22nd September 1492.

 

 

Henry VII                        Thomas Langton  -  1493-1501.  Was Chaplain to King Edward IV.  He was elected

1485-1509                                            Archbishop of Canterbury, but he died from the Plague on 27 January

                                                              1501 before his election had been confirmed.

 

                                        Richard Foxe  -  b. 1448 - d. 5th october 1528.

                                                               1501-1528.  Son of Thomas and Helena Foxe.  He was attached to the

                                                               service of the Earl of Richmond later to become King Henry VII.  Henry

                                                               made Foxe Lord Privy Seal.  In 1487 he was created Bishop of Exeter,

                                                               also becoming Bishop of Bath & Wells, Durham and finaly Winchester.

                                                               in 1498–1499 he completed the negotiations for that treaty of

                                                               marriage between the Scottish king and Henry's VII's daughter

                                                               Margaret which led ultimately to the union of the two crowns in 1603

                                                               and of the two kingdoms in 1707. The marriage itself did not take

                                                               place until 1503, just a century before the accession of James I.

                                                               Thomas Wolsey tried to discredit Foxe in the eyes of Henry VIII as he

                                                               coveted Foxe's Bishopric.  But Foxe was aware of this and defeated

                                                               his attempts.  Foxe was Godfather to Henry VIII.    Joint founder of

                                                               Corpus Christi College, Oxford.  He repaired parts of Farnham Castle,

                                                               including the Tower now named after him.  Bishop Foxe went

                                                               totally blind some years before his death and the Steps that lead from

Henry VIII                                               the top of Castle Street up to the entrance of the Castle are known

1509-1547                                            as Bishop Foxe's Steps as they were built for him when he went blind.

 

 

                                      Thomas Wolsey  -  b. 1471 - d. 29th November 1530

                                                               1528-1530.  His ruin and downfall were mainly brought about by Anne

                                                                Bolyne who held Wolsey responable for the delay in the divorce from

                                                                Katherine of Aragon.  In November 1530 he was arrested in York,

                                                                where he had retired to, for High Treason.  He was quite ill at this

                                                                stage and travelled slowly towards London to answer the charge.   On 

                                                                arriving at Leicester Abbey he said to the Abbot ' I am come to leave

                                                                my bones among you'.  He died there on 29th November 1530.

                                                               

                                                               Wolsey had two children by his mistress, Joan Larke (born circa1490)

                                                               of Yarmouth, Norfolk. These were a son, Thomas Wynter (born circa

                                                               1510) and a daughter, Dorothy (born circa 1512).

                                                              

 

Edward VI

1547-1553                    Stephen Gardiner  -  b. 1483 - d. 12th November 1555

                                                               1531-1551 and again in 1553-1555.  His father William Gardener a

                                                               cloth merchant of Bury At. Edmunds.  His mother Helen was

                                                               an illegitimate daughter of Jasper Tudor, first Duke of Bedford, which

                                                               would make Stephen the second cousin of King Henry VIII.  He advised

                                                               Henry VIII in the divorce from Katherine of Aragon.  He crowned Mary I

                                                               and performed the marriage ceremony of Mary and Phillip of Spain. 

                                                               He was responable for a lot of the cruel deaths of Protestants in the

                                                               religious controversary during Henry VIII's reign.  He spent the last

                                                               five years of his Bishopric in the Tower of London and

                                                               John Ponet took over for 2 years.  He was restored to his Bishopric

                                                               when Mary came to the throne in 1553.

 

Mary I

1553-1558                    John Ponet or Poynet  -  b. 1514 - d. August 1556

                                                               1551 - 1553.  Appointed Bishop after Gardiner had been deprived

                                                               of the See by Edward VI.  Himself deprived on the reinstatement of

                                                               Gardiner by Mary.  In 1545 he was Chaplain to Thomas Cranmer.  By

                                                               November 1548 he married even though the Bann on Clerical Marriage

                                                               had not yet been removed.  In July 1551 a Consistory Court of St. Pauls

                                                               announced the formal seperation from his wife on the grounds that she

                                                               was already married to a Nottingham Butcher!!  On the 25th of

                                                               October the same year he married the daughter of one of Cranmer's

                                                               Financial Officers.  When Mary succeeded her Protestant half brother

                                                               Edward VI Ponet and his wife along with 800 other Protestants

                                                               fled abroad.

 

Elizabeth 1

1558-1603                    John White  -  b. 1510 -  d. 1560

                                                               1556-1559.  Born in Farnham.  Deposes by Queen Elizabeth 1.

 

 

Protestant Bishops 

 

 

                                       Robert Horne  -  b. 1510 - d. June 1580

                                                                1560-1580.  Supporter of the reformed religion.

 

                                       John Watson  -  b. 1520 - d. 23rd January 1583

                                                               1580-1583.  Doctor of Medicine. 

 

                                       Thomas Cooper  -  b. 1517 - d. 29th April 1594

                                                                1583-1594.  He was a great writer.  In 1565 appeared the first edition

                                                                of his greatest work, Thesaurus Linguae Romanae et Britannicae.

                                                                William Shakespear is believed to have used Cooper's Thesaurus in

                                                                the creation of his many poems and plays. Evidence of this comes

                                                                from a close statistical inspection of Shakespeare's word usage.

 

                                      William Wickham  -  b. 1539 - d. 11th June 1595

                                                                1595.  He was a royal chaplain, before 1574.  He preached at the

                                                                funeral of Mary Queen of Scots, on 2 August 1587 in Peterborough.

 

                                       William Day  -  b. 1529 - d. 1596

                                                                1595-1596.  He was brother-in-law of Wickham.  He married Elizabeth

                                                                Barlow.

 

                                       Thomas Bilson  -  b. 1547 - d. 18th June 1616

                                                                 1596-1616.  In his early life he distinguish himself as a poet.  Bilson

                                                                 gave the sermon at the coronation on 25 July 1603 of James VI of

                                                                 Scotland as James 1 of England.  He was a Judge and a Member of

                                                                 the Privy Council.  He wrote many books.

 

James 1

1603-1625                     James Montague  -  b. 1568 - d. 1618

                                                                 1616-1618.  He was Bishop of Bath and Wells in 1608 .  At Bath and

                                                                 Wells, he contributed to the legend of the Holy Thorn of

                                                                 Glastonbury  in an entertainment for Ann oif Denmark, when the

                                                                 character of Joseph of Arimathea presented boughs to the Queen.

                                                                                                             He is buried in an alabaster tomb in Bath Abbey.

 

                                        Lancelot Andrewes  -  b. 1555 - d. 25th September 1626

                                                                 1619-1626.  Known as the Saintly Bishop "An Angel in the Pulpit".  He

                                                                  was a powerful preacher, a scholar and had great influence over

                                                                 James I.

 

Charles 1

1625-1649                      Richard Neile  -  b.1562 - d. 1640

                                                                 1627-1631.  He was the son of a Tallow Chandler.  He sat regulary

                                                                 in the Courts of the Star Chamber.  He was Archbishop of York from

                                                                 1631 until his death.

 

Commonwealth

1649-1660                      Walter Curle  -  b. 1575 – d. 1647

                                                                  1632-1647.. Deprived of his See during the Civil War.  He went into

                                                                  exile at Soberton.

 

Charles II

1660-1685                       Brian Duppa  -  b. 1588 - d. 1662

                                                                   1660-1662.  Chaplain to Charles I and tutor to his sons.  During the

                                                                   Commonwealth he retired to Richmond.  Mentioned in Pepy's Diary

                                                                   July 29th and October 4th 1660.  He gave much comford and

                                                                   support to Charles I during his imprisonment. 

 

                                          George Morley  -  b. 27th February 1597 – d. 30th October 1684

                                                                   1662-1684.  Constant supporter of Charles I.  Leaving England, he

                                                                    joined the court of Charles II, and became one of the leading clergy

                                                                    at The Hague. Shortly before the Restoration he came to England

                                                                    on a highly successful mission to gain for Charles the support of the

                                                                    Presbyterians.  He founded the College for Widows of the Clergy

                                                                    near the Close in Winchester.  Benefactor of Farnham Grammar

                                                                    School.  Died at Farnham Castle aged 87.

 

James II

1685-1688                         Peter Mews  -  b. 25th  March 1619 – d. 9th  November 1706

                                                                    1684-1706.  He took part in the Civil War and was taken prisoner at

                                                                    Naseby but was soon released.  He then followed Charles II

                                                                    to Flanders in 1648.  After he became Bishop of Winchester he

William & Mary                                         took part in the Battle of Sedgemoor and was wounded.

1688-1702

 

Anne

1702-1714                        Jonathan Trelawny  -  b. 24th March 1650 - d. 19th July 1721

                                                                    1707-1721.  Baronet.  As Bishop of Bristol in 1688, he was one of

                                                                    the seven Bishops  tried in the reign of James II.  He was

                                                                    imprisoned in the Tower of London on charges of Seditious Libel. 

George I

1727-1760                        Charles Trimwell  -  b. 1663 – d. 1723

                                                                    1721-1723.  He was a Whig in politics, and known for his attacks on

                                                                    High Church views, writing on the subordination of the Church of

                                                                    England to the state. After the accession of George I of England in

                                                                    1714 he was in the royal favour and influential.  He died suddenly

                                                                    at Farnham.

 

George III

1760-1780                        Richard Willis  -  b.1664 – d. 1734

                                                         1723-1734.  His father was a Tanner.  In 1694 he was chaplain to

                                                                     William III on a journey to the Netherlands. 

 

                                           Benjamin Hoadley  -  b.14 th November 1676 – d. 17th  April 1761

                                                          1734-1761.  A low Churchman.  The poet Pope satirised him for

                                                                      his verbose eloquence.  He was Chaplain to George I.

 

                                            John Thomas  -  b. 14th November 1696 - d. 17th April 1781

                                                                     1761-1781.  Tutor to George III. 

 

                                            Hon. Brownlow North  -  b. 1741 – d. 1820

                                                                      1781-1820.  He was the son of Francis North 1st Earl of Guildford.

                                                                      His wife brought the seeds of Cedars of Lebanon, which can still

                                                                      be seen in the Castle grounds to this day. 

George IV

1820-1830                         George Pretyman Tomlin  -  b. 9th October 1750 – d. 14th November 1827

                                                                      1820-1827.  Baronet. 

 

 

William IV

1830-1837                          Charles Richard Sumner  -  b. 22nd November 1790 - d. 15th August 1874 

                                                           1827-1869.  The last of the Prince Bishops of Winchester. 

                                                                       Private Chaplain to George IV at Windsor.  He is remembered

                                                                       best for all the work he did for the well being of Farnham.  In

                                                                       1869 he resigned his see, but continued to live at the official

                                                                       residence at Farnham  until his death on 15 August 1874.

Victoria

1837-1901                           Samuel Wilberforce  -  b. 7th September 1805  –  19th July 1873

                                                                       Son of William Wilberforce the emancipator of slavery.  He was

                                                                       chaplain to Prince Albert.  He criticised Darwin's theory on

                                                                       scientific grounds, arguing that it was not supported by the

                                                                       facts, and he noted that the greatest names in science were

                                                                       opposed to the theory.  Was killed on 19 July 1873, by the shock

                                                                       of a fall from his horse near Dorking, Surrey.  He never lived in

                                                                       Farnham Castle as his cousin Charles Sumner lived there until his

                                                                      death in 1874.

 

                                             Edward Harold Browne  -  b. 1811 – d. 18th December 1891

                                                                      1873-1890.  He was very much like in Farnham.

 

                                             Anthony Wilson Thorold  -  b. 1826 – d. 1895

                                                                      1890-1895.  He wrote a number of Devotional Books.  He had

                                                                      travelled extensively preaching in The United States in the late

                                                                      1800's.  He was also well liked by the people of Farnham.

 

Edward VII

1901-1910                          Randall Thomas Davidson  -  b. 7th April 1848 – 25th May 1930

                                                                      1895-1903.  1st Baron Davidson of Lambeth also to become the

                                                                      Archbishop of Canterbury. 

 

George V

1910-1936                          Herbert Ed Ryle  -  b. May 25th 1856 – d. 20th August, 1925

                                                                      1903-1911.  He resigned in 1911 to become Dean of Westminster

                                                                       Abbey.

                                                                       The idea of a Tomb of The Unknown Warrior in Westminster

                                                                       Abbey  was first conceived in 1916 by the Reverend David

                                                                       Railton, who while serving as an army chaplain on the Western

                                                                       Front, had seen a grave marked by a rough cross, which bore

                                                                       an inscription written in pencil saying 'An Unknown British

                                                                       Soldier'.  He wrote to Dean Ryle in 1920 proposing that an

                                                                       unidentified British Soldier from the battlefields in France be

                                                                       buried with due ceremony in Westminster Abbey "amongst the

                                                                       kings" to represent the many hundreds of thousands of

                                                                       Empire dead. The idea was strongly supported by Ryle and the

                                                                       then Prime Minister Lloyd George. There was initial opposition

                                                                       from King George V and others, who feared that such a ceremon

                                                                       would reopen the wounds of a recently ended war, but a surge

                                                                      of emotional support from the great number of bereaved families

                                                                      ensured its adoption. The inscription on the tomb was composed

                                                                      by Dean Ryle.

 

                                            Edward Stuart Talbot  -  b. 19th February 1844 - d. 30th January 1934

                                                                      1911-1924.  He married Hon. Lavinia Lyttelton (*10 October 1849),

                                                                      daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton and Mary

                                                                      Glynne, on 29 June 1870.

 

                                            Frank Theodore Woods  -  b. 15th January 1874 - d. 27th February 1932

                                                                      1924-1932.  The last Bishop of Winchester to be associated with

                                                                      Farnham.

 

                                                      

 

  

                                     

 

 I would like to thank my friend and local Archeaologist Romana Golicz for the very useful information he had researched and allowed me to use as the basis for my History of Farnham Castle.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                              

 

 

 

 

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